Cognitive

A person’s cognitive development affects how he or she perceives and understands the world around them. This includes integrating and interpreting information received from our senses such as touch, sound, and sight, in order to develop the ability to reason, and to use language, executive functioning and memory.

A child’s cognitive development and learning begins at birth. Babies will become increasingly aware of their surroundings and will gain an interest in exploring and interacting with everything around them. They will gather, categorize, and process information using senses such as touch, sight, smell, and taste, and use the data gathered from these senses to develop reasoning and thinking skills. This exploratory process allows babies to make discoveries and learn about how the world works. Cognitive, motor, language and social skills development are intertwined and will continue throughout childhood.

Cognitive impairment is the absence, or delay, of development in cognitive abilities. Cognitive impairment can be associated with autism and learning disabilities, as well as problems or delayed development in other areas, particularly language and social abilities. Common signs of cognitive impairment include difficulties with spoken or written language, behavioral issues and lack of self-control, poor coordination, and low attention spans. The Developmental Milestones Guide serves as a resource to help professionals identify possible delays in cognitive and other developmental skills, allowing for better goal planning and treatments.

In our guide, you’ll find tables listing specific developmental milestones for each category, including fine and gross motor skills, self-care, cognitive abilities, and language development, as well as attention and areas which have direct impact on each other. We strive to increase the understanding that these milestones are only a guide, and that because each child is unique the age at which they reach these milestones may vary. Each page of the guide includes a section listing the age, including years and months, at which children typically develop the particular milestone, again acknowledging that there are variances in when a child achieves a specific milestone.

The Developmental Milestones Guide serves as an essential part of your everyday screenings, and goal writing sessions. Instead of spending valuable time and effort researching and looking up individual milestones, the Developmental Milestone Guide offers everything you need in one handy place. Download a digital copy of the guide, or order your printed copy today.

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