Sensory Motor

Sensory motor skills are the way through which a child begins to interact with and perceive the world around them as they grow and learn. Sensory exploration stimulates the brain and aids in the development of other key functions. Motor skills allow a child to make use of his or her senses. Both need in order to develop together in order to progress both mentally and physically.

A child’s ability to collect and process information from the world around them begins with sensory motor skills. Sensations such as movement, touch, and gravity allow them to develop trunk stability and posture, which leads to gross and fine motor skill development. Sensory information from a child’s muscles and joints allow them to develop full body awareness, allowing for better physical control and navigation. Sensory skills develop through visual, olfactory, auditory, proprioception, vestibular and tactile experiences, and all of these work together to contribute to a child’s ability to process information.

Research has shown a potential link between underdeveloped sensory skills and behavioral or physical delays or issues. If a child is struggling or showing signs of behavioral issues at home or in the classroom, it’s important to consider the child’s surrounding environment to determine whether anything might be influencing their behavior. Common signs of sensory processing disorders may include extreme responses to loud or high pitched sounds, avoidance of touch or standing close to familiar adults, and poor balance. Identifying potential problems early in a child’s life can be extremely beneficial and will help them to continue to develop physical, mental, and social skills at a healthy rate.

The Developmental Milestones Guide is invaluable for therapists and pediatric specialists during everyday interactions with parents and children. This portable and easy-to-read guide features tables that detail specific milestones by category, as well as the age at which the average child develops these milestones, saving you time and effort researching individual skills and age groups. Download a digital copy of the guide, or order your printed copy today.